Table of Contents
Useful packages and tips for Ubuntu
Tips and notes
- Ubuntu doesn't have a root password by default; it prefers to let the account you made do stuff via sudo. If you want a root account, log in with the sudo-capable account, and do "
sudo passwd root" to set the password.
- Start by using the GUI updater, synaptic, or apt-get to do a full update.
Install these with synaptic or apt-get.
- openssh-server: SSH server
- build-essential: Everything needed to compile C/C++ programs
- manpages-dev: Manpages for system calls (open,close,mmap,etc.)
- cvs: Basic source control and versioning package
- vlc: A video player that plays virtually anything
- sshfs: Mount a remote file system via ssh - compatible with any SSH-able machine
- sun-java6-plugin: Install the Sun Java plugin without using their crappy installer
- mozilla-thunderbird: An email client to match the firefox browser
- wine: Run windows apps (sometimes)
- xmms: Winamp for Linux
- msttcorefonts: Core Microsoft fonts, so you can have true Times New Roman, Arial, Tahoma, etc.
- subversion: Better source control and versioning package
- sysstat: The "iostat" and related tools
- kdiff3: A graphical diff tool
- sun-java6-jdk: Install the Sun JDK 6.0 without using their crappy installer
- celestia: Fly around an accurate 3D simulation of the universe as we know it.
For special purposes
- kubuntu-desktop: turns Ubuntu into hybrid Ubuntu+Kubuntu (installs KDE and friends)
To make KDE your windowing system, choose "Options | Sessions | KDE" from the login screen, and "Make Default" when prompted.
NIS (also known as YP)
To set up NIS:
- Set up YP by editing
/etc/yp.confand adding the appropriate line, e.g. "
domain <YOUR_DOMAIN> server <YOUR_NIS_SERVER>".
- Enable the NIS service by running the "Services" configurator under "Settings", and turning on "Account information resolver (nis)".
- Some versions of Ubuntu (including 6.06.1 LTS) aren't configured to use NIS out-of-box. Modify
/etc/nsswitch.confso that the "passwd", "group", and "shadow" lines have the word "nis" at the end of the line. For example: "
passwd: compat" becomes "
passwd: compat nis".
- nfs-common (if not already installed - without it, NFS will work, but with long timeouts due to locks not working)
To set up a boot-time mount:
# mkdir /mymount # TextEditorOfYourChoice /etc/fstab (insert the following line) nfs-server.site.com:/remotemount /mymount nfs defaults 0 0 # mount /mymount # ls /mymount
- g77: The Fortran-77 compiler based on gcc 3
- gfortran: The Fortran-95 compiler based on gcc 4
- kile: A latex code editor
- lyx: A latex WYSIWYG editor
Dual boot with Windows
If you're dual-booting with Windows for some reason, your best bet is to find a dual-boot guide online. Here's the short short version:
- Boot into Windows installer
- Clear all partitions, make a partition > 4GB for Windows, leave the rest unused.
- Install Windows to the partition.
- Boot into Linux installer
- Claim rest of disk for Linux partitions
- Tell Linux's grub to include an option to boot Windows (may be done automatically)